Dental procedures can range from routine cleanings and fillings to more complex procedures such as root canals and dental implants. It is important to understand the different types of procedures available and what you can expect during and after each one.
Dental procedures available in Canada can be broadly divided into four distinct categories:
- Preventive dentistry:
This includes regular checkups, cleanings, and fluoride treatments to prevent tooth decay and gum disease. It is one of the most common procedures. It is also referred to as prophylaxis. During the cleaning process, the dentist will also remove plaque and tartar from your teeth and gums. A dentist may also polish your teeth and apply fluoride to help protect against decay. This is typically done every 6 months and is considered an important part of maintaining good dental health.
- Restorative dentistry:
This includes procedures such as fillings, bridges, crowns, and dentures to repair or replace damaged or missing teeth. If a tooth is decayed or damaged, a filling can be used to repair it. The dentist will remove the decay, and clean the area. And then fill the tooth with a material such as an amalgam, composite, or gold. This procedure can be done in one visit and should last several years.
- Cosmetic dentistry:
This includes procedures such as teeth whitening, veneers, and orthodontics to improve the appearance of the teeth. Dental implants also come under this category which is a more advanced type of procedure used to replace missing teeth. During the procedure, a small titanium post is placed in the jawbone to replace the missing tooth root. Once the implant has healed, a replacement tooth is attached to the post. Dental implants are a permanent solution for missing teeth and are designed to look and feel like natural teeth.
- Surgical dentistry:
This includes procedures such as extractions, root canals, and dental implants to address more serious dental issues. Procedures like root canals come under a more complex procedure and are therefore categorized under surgical dentistry. It is done to save a tooth by removing the infected or inflamed tissue from inside the tooth, cleaning the area, and then filling and sealing the tooth. Once the implant has healed, a replacement tooth is attached to the post. Dental implants are a permanent solution for missing teeth and are designed to look and feel like natural teeth.
Most Canadians have dental coverage through their employer or purchase it as an add-on to their private health insurance. Dental coverage can include routine check-ups, cleanings, fillings, and extractions, as well as major services such as orthodontics and oral surgery. It’s important to check with your insurance provider to understand the specific coverage and limits of your plan.
Understanding what to expect during and after each procedure is important for maintaining good oral health. While the procedure itself may involve discomfort during or after the procedure, it may also have its own set of complications, but it not only increases confidence in one’s appearance it also improves the overall quality of life.
If you’re interested in any of the procedures, it’s best to request a free consultation with a dental professional to discuss your specific needs and determine the best course of treatment for you.